Another excellent article from Crosswise. Check out Craig’ s other articles, if you haven’t already!
This article will address two separate yet sometimes related phenomena witnessed in various online exchanges (and elsewhere), namely the straw man fallacy and cognitive dissonance. I’ll explain them one at a time, and then I shall illustrate how the two are at times combined.
Straw Man Fallacy
A straw man fallacy arises out of a presupposition, a misunderstanding, and/or an intentional mischaracterization, leading to a distortion of another person’s actual viewpoint or proposition. There are four parts, though sometimes 2, 3 and/or 4 may be grouped together in the conversational exchange:
1) Person A holds to or voices position or proposition X
2) Person B distorts A’s stance (intentional or not) as Y instead
3) Person B argues against distorted position Y
4) Therefore, B concludes that A’s position X must be flawed – a fallacy
Person B’s argument is fallacious because person B is attacking the wrong position (Y instead…
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